Preamp mods

Most electronics these days use electrolytic capacitors (caps) to couple audio signals to different parts of the circuit. This is a poor use of these devices since they were designed more for power supply filtering (below 1 KHz). But they are cheap and compact, which is why they are used.

The first job is to add 0.01 uF “Film” type caps (the value is not critical, anything near that is fine) across all of the electrolytics that are in the audio section. Any type of film; mylar, polypropylene, polystyrene, etc will do. If power supply caps are not bypassed, you should add either film or ceramic caps there too. At the lower left hand of the picture below, I added a ceramic cap to a power supply electrolytic.












Here is a close-up view. This shows the leads of the film caps are cut and bent over the solder pad and leads of the electrolytic caps. I like to add solder to the lead of the film cap and the hold the film cap in place while placing the solder iron (with some solder on it) on the joint until it all flows together. The solder should support the weight of the film cap with no problem. If you can wiggle the film cap and break the connection, try again.












The VP29 requires a 220 pF capacitor across the input to keep a flat, balanced response using normal inexpensive cables. The picture below shows ceramic surface mount cap across each input. The ground connector relies on making good connection through the case and a standoff to the circuit board. It wasn’t working real well, so I added a wire directly between the connector and board…. No noise at all now.



Some of you may wonder why I add a film cap across an electrolytic, rather than change the electrolytic out. First, I’m cheap. Second, it really isn’t necessary. Bypassing works because the loss of electrolytic capacitors is significantly higher at high frequencies than film caps. The film cap ends up “shorting out” the electrolytic in this range, so the electrolytic contributes very little to the sound. This next picture shows regular leaded ceramic caps instead of the surface mount version. Either way, it works the same.













Parts List:                                                                           Quantity:

0.01 uF Film type capacitor, 15 Volt or more                      6 (7 if you add one to C2, top pic)

220 pF ceramic capacitor, 15 Volt or more                         2

and a couple of inches of any kind of hook-up wire.

A cheap place to buy is; here are their part numbers:

920464, .01uF 100V PLYE capacitor; $0.15 each

15413, 220 pF 50V ceramic capacitor; (10 minimum) $0.09 each

You can’t go wrong with a modified VP29. To get anything better, you would have to spend a few hundred or more. I use this with a tube amp and ribbon speakers, and I’m pretty happy with it!



Preamp mods — 38 Comments

  1. I have one of these also. Does yours have a 4560 OpAmp? I see it is missing C14, C15. Your C7, C9 is different than mine. I plan to replace the audio path caps with better, once I find them, and also change R4, R5 to 62k for my Shure cartridges. These are a great deal for the money.

  2. Jeff,
    Yes, it is a 4560. I did notice that there was a C16 in the schematic, but no C14, C15. They must have decided to delete this at some point…. Do you know what they were used for? I am not too surprised that C7 and C9 may look different during different production runs. There are so many different kinds of film caps and packages, it likely depends on what they can get a good deal on for each production run.
    I have heard that the M97 is a little shy in the highs, but since many modern speakers seem to favor the highs, that may be a good way to get a more full balanced sound. My M92 with 104E stylus seems to have pretty well balanced and clean highs now that it has had plenty of break-in time. And with solid bass and a smooth natural midrange, Shure is making a believer out of me! But it is fun and educational to experiment.

  3. Does it matter what kind of film capacitors are used? I have a good source for box type polyester caps. Will those do the job?

    • It does not really matter much what type of film or type of package. I have used the box type with good results. Even old stock surplus film caps are usually good, unlike some other types. Enjoy!

  4. What an awesome mod you came up with. I have a few questions concerning the caps. Does the voltage matter? Do I have to unsolder the legs of the electrolytics and fit the caps and the electrolytics through the board? Maybe you can come up with a shopping list for me? Also, I’m not sure if I understand the 220 pF connection on the back of the board. Any clarification for me would be more appreciated. Thanks!

    • Thank you Aaron,

      The voltage just needs to be higher than the power supply voltage; 15 Volts or more. Don’t unsolder any of the existing caps, just lay the leads of the film caps next to the leads of the electrolytics and solder. The solder will support the film cap. If you wiggle the film cap and it breaks off at the solder joint, it was not a good solder joint.

      Soon, I will add a picture showing leaded 220 pF caps at the input, which should clarify things, and a parts list.

  5. Kent,

    Although I built my first amp and tuner back in 1962 at age 16, I had not tried anything similar since until this mod. I wanted the Rolls VP29 to do better than an ART DJ Pre ii I had (it had a rather harsh attitude) if for no other reason than it was built a few miles away in Murray, UT. So I splurged a whopping $2.00 at my local electronic parts place and did your mod. It sounds excellent. Thank you so much for sharing this modification.

    Richard Gress
    Salt Lake City, UT

  6. Very nice write up. Thank you so much for taking the time to share your knowledge.

    I ordered my parts from Jameco today. I am looking forward to this project and will post my results when finished.

    • I completed these Mods to my rolls vp29, lastnight, with parts ordered from jameco. The .01uf film capacitors look exactly like the ones used in your write up. However, the 220pf capacitors I recieved were light green discs. I used them across the inputs and completed the rest of the mods, including the ground wire. When the moment of truth arrived, I put needle to vinyl on a few familiar albums. I noticed high frequency voice melodies sounded distorted (I am not an audiophile, please excuse my layman’s terms). After a few albums of listening and deciding that the rest of the audio range had noticeably improved, I concluded that I could not live with the high frequency vocal distortion. I decided to remove the input capacitors and that fixed the distortion. Now the vocals are warm and almost enveloping. Bass is improved in my opinion, sounding tighter and more immediate (drums that used to sound like a “thump” to me, now sound like a more crisp and natural “bump”.

      I am very happy with the sound now and would recommend this mod to anyone with a soldering iron and a Rolls VP29.

      I would appreciate any comments on the 220pf input capacitors. My turntable is a Pioneer PL-12D and my Cartridge is an AT95E mounted on an Ortophon Headshell with 2.0 grams of vertical tracking force.

      Thanks again for sharing your knowledge and help.

      • It is hard to say what the issue was, it could be that it was too much capacitance on the cartridge and cable combination, or the 220 caps themselves. Quality can vary on ceramic caps, and they can have a piezo-electric or microphonic effect. You did a good job on finding and correcting the problem. Other readers may want to keep your example in mind. I would prefer to use film caps there rather than ceramic, but they are hard to find in such small values. Of course, if the highs sound good without them, go with it! Many thanks for your comments!

  7. Very cool could I do something simaler to a Rolls PM50 Personal Monitor amp I did a repair on it a year ago I replaced 2 of the op amps because it wasn’t working with opa 2134 ‘s and now it works
    i’d like to go a little further to make it sound better . Any sugestions .would be great . Thanks .

    • Kevin, bypassing the electrolytic capacitors would be a good thing on that device too, especially the ones that couple the audio signal at the input and output. Even bypassing the ones in the power supply area is good. Use the same values for film or mylar caps I gave (not critical) for this project. It should clean up the highs. Good Luck!

  8. Hi Kent, Close to a year later I’ve finally started the mod. The 0.01 ufs went on easy with your soldering advice but there was a tricky one next to the rca outs. I got my parts from jameco, and like WingedRider, I received the same 220s. I’m looking for more high end in the mix so I wanted to know how the surface mount wiring was done? I presume I’ll try both methods to see what works. Thanks once again!

    • The surface mount parts were just laid on the surface of the board and solder was drawn from the pad to the part (with some new solder added). I typically hold the part down with tweezers while melting the solder on the pad of the board, then drawing the solder to the part until it is soldered together.
      You might want to try it with and without the 220’s and see what you like. Cartridges and cables can vary, what works for one setup may not be ideal for another combination. When you’re done, let us now what worked for you, and what equipment you’re using.

  9. Okay Aaron I have all but lost my mind, waiting to hear your excitement after you compleated this modification to your Rolls. My guess is that you are too busy, enjoying that delightful sound, to reply with your results.

    Here is an interesting update. I recently restored a Technics SL-1200 MK2. I installed a Shure M97xE cartridge and aligned it properly. I then set out to do an A/B comparison of this modified Rolls VP29 (can we call it a VP29.5?) and my other preamp; an ARTdj pre II.

    I used a few albums for this comparison but the standout, jaw dropping, glaring difference, in my opinion came on the Fleetwood Mac album, Rumors… specifically the song Never Going Back Again. The acoustic guitar dances in a 3D sound stage with the VP29.5 but is less than stellar with my ARTdj Pre II. The ARTdj was putting out a 2D sound that was without life and dull by comparison.

    Now here comes the intersting part. When I did the same exact comparison on my Pioneer 12D turntable, both preamps performed very well and both had lots of life and 3D sound. I am certainly not an expert but my best guess as to why is that I have rewired my Pioneer turntable with inexpensive, low capacitance, video RCA cables. I measure the capacitance at 97pf on my pioneer (without my headshell installed) and on my Technics I measure capacitance at 193pf. In my opinion the VP29.5 has a wider range of capacitance “pre load” (I don’t have a better term).

    In any case, my opinion is that the VP29.5 outperforms the ARTdj pre II. I have been enjoying it’s wonderful rich sound almost daily since completing this modification. I look forward to hearing what you think about yours, Aaron.

    Thanks Kent, your generous contribution has saved me from wanting a tube preamp upgrade… so far. 🙂

    • I have been thinking of building a tube pre, but the sound of the “VP29.5” has kept the priority low. I’m glad that you are as happy with it as I am!

  10. Hi Kent,

    I have been thinking of trying out the mods on the pre-amp. I have not touched a soldering item for some 30 years. I am obviously approaching this with intrepidation and think I need a bit of a plan before shooting straight into it. Is there a way that I could do a portion of the soldering that I need to do and then test it to assure I did it right?


    • If you have a circuit from something you no longer need, you could practice on that. But if you’re reasonably careful, you probably will not damage anything by practicing melting existing solder joints on the board that are easy to reach. Be careful not to put heat on capacitors for too long as they can be damaged by excessive heat. Also be careful not to let the iron touch nearby caps accidentally. If you don’t have a scrap board, you can practice soldering wires together.

      Good Luck!

  11. Hi Kent,

    Good advise.

    Now I just have to set aside some time and jump in.


    I played some songs from Santana’s greatest hits LP and oh my god did the music ever do justice to the stereo system. My nephew was with me and he also commented on how good the guitars and percussion sounded. He also said that the speakers handle the bass very well; I had to agree with him. All this is prior to the soldering upgrades to the preamp, and swappng out the AT for the Shure and Jico.

    In your opinion is the Shure M97xE cartridge worth the ugrade?


    • Good stuff, Mike, I can tell you’re having fun! You will notice a huge improvement in the highs after you do the preamp mods, but even without, you can tell the quality in the LP! The M92xE is not a viable option for P-mount arms and I have not tried it, but a number of audiophiles do recommend it over the M92 in standard arms.

        • Unfortunately, the simple answer is Yes and No! It is a Shure, so it’s pretty good. But, it’s frequency response is a bit weak in the highs, so not everyone would be happy with it. It depends on personal preference and the system you have. If your system is rather bright in the highs, the M97 will tame it. I would rather have an Ortofon than the M97, or even the M92 with upgraded elliptical stylus.

  12. Hi Kent,

    Thank you for your answer. You told me all I need to know about it in 2 sentences.


  13. I bought a Rolls VP 29 for my mom. I also bought the caps. I am going to do this modification this week.

    I have a question. Would a similar modification work for my Musical Fidelity X-LP? meaning, putting these 0.01 uF film type capacitors across all of the electrolytics?

    Thanks in advance.

  14. I found this page and I decided to get VP29 and apply the mod. I ordered the caps you listed. I’ve just got VP29 from Amazon, and I found it very noisy, and it also picks up CB radio as well. Is this normal? and your mod will resolve the issue?

    • The mods are really only designed to clean up the sound of the highs, but they may help with interference as well. I am surprised you are picking up CB radio since I have never had that problem. However, these preamps have to amplify very low Voltages, so I can believe that this is happening if the transmitter is powerful or very close to you. In order to hear the voices, the RF signal has to be detected or “demodulated” through something like a diode. A poor connection is very similar to this. Cables can act like antennas, so keeping them short can help.

      I suggest making sure all connections are tight, and that you have a ground wire from the preamp to the turntable. Make sure turntable connections are good, including at the cartridge. Open up the VP29 and make sure all connectors are soldered properly to the board, and solder a wire from the ground terminal on the box to the PC board as I show. Even after all that is done, it is still possible to have trouble with a nearby strong transmitter. But if you don’t have these problems with another preamp, then fixing a connection in the VP29 should do it.

      • I forget to mention this, but I compared with my homemade phono-amp / headphone-amp combo unit that my brother designed (which I really like.) The homemade phono-amp does not pick up radio at all, but VP29 does. Also it makes low volume high-pitch noise like morse-code sometimes.
        Actually there is radio station tower (college radio station) close to my house, about 10 minutes walking distance from my house. So, I guess radio wave condition around here is a bit challenging for audio equipment.
        There is small possibility that I got defective unit (I got an open-box unit from Amazon Warehouse Deal.) I think I’ll return the unit.

  15. Hi Kent,

    I really like your site!

    I am older, nearing 60- so far hearing fine, and my senses are degrading. But I love good music and enjoy DIY. I once built a Hafler amp which
    I no longer have with Magnepan speakers in the early ’80s. I am on a limited budget and would like your opinion on building a tube system around $1500US using your mods. I would like an Emotiva ERC-3 plus some streaming capability. Could you give me a recommended stereo system for 2015, perhaps based on your mods?

    Thanks very much!

    • Giving a system recommendation is tricky for a couple of reasons; 1. It depends a lot on your preferences and what you listen to, and 2. There are not many commercial speakers designed to work well with tube amps. The Pioneer BS22’s can work, but they sound a bit brighter in the highs with a tube amp. The Fostex speaker kits are good with additional components as mentioned in another blog, but have no low bass and a rather “forward” sound. I have been experimenting with some other fullrange speakers that could work well in a DIY project and cover the bass end better, more to come on that after a while.

      The K-502 amp with my mods is a nice way to start without spending a bunch of money only to find that you would prefer a solid-state amp. If you like it, there are some more expensive amps (including kits) that can take you farther. If you choose to go this route, you will be experimenting, and learning a lot of new things! Since there is good interest in DIY, I plan to cover more of this soon.

  16. Kent,
    Thank you very much for posting this great modification. I bit the bullet and dove in today because I could no longer stand the grating overbearing high end coming from the VP29 I’d bought on e-bay for $32.00 shipped. I initially planned to attach the film caps to the leads of the electrolytics as you had but owing to an overly large chisel point tip on my soldering iron and tight quarters I found it easier to break out the solder wick, remove the old caps and mount the new ones in the existing through holes. I used through hole, rather than surface mount caps for the two 220’s on the input and mounted them like you showed. To make a long story short, the Rolls now sounds AWESOME! Thanks again. ~ Todd

  17. Great thread. Has anyone tried a different op amp? I couldn’t really tell from one of the comments above. Thinking about adding a socket and trying some… I would love a blank PCB (VP29) that could be re-populated and swapped in.
    Question regarding the ground-hows does grounding to the box work since it is powered off a wall wart? Regarding the power section- has anyone tried to add a regulator (78L12?) and filter caps?
    Best Regards,

    • Hi Mark! I have been so happy with the 4560, I have not felt a desire to try anything else. Given the layout, putting in a real fast opamp could create other problems. Regulating the supply could be useful, but opamps typically have pretty high rejection of supply noise. I tried changing wall-warts between a transformer and switching type without really hearing a difference. This little preamp is amazingly good (with mods) for such a simple circuit.

      As for the “grounding”, it has less to do with actual earth ground and more about preventing the turntable from turning into an antenna. Since we are amplifying signals at a few thousandths of a Volt or less, and the preamp is a cable length away, “grounding” other parts of the turntable to the preamp helps reduce noise issues.

      I have only tried to suggest inexpensive and easy mods on this site that offer significant improvement. I’m sure there are other good things that people have done, and if anyone wants to add their experiences, please send along a comment!

      Thanks -Kent

  18. I was reading about a guy who changed the power supply on his Rolls VP 130, I think from .3 to 3 mA. He said he received much more volume and a fuller sound from it. With this work on a VP 29, even though it is not a tube preamp?

    • A higher current power supply can help a headphone output especially with low impedance headphones, but it will do little for the preamp circuit itself, so the VP 29 will not be helped (it uses very tiny current).

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